Whilst cmc isn't really attempting to teach anyone Welsh grammar,
we have put together in the course of our own studies some 'cheat
sheets' which have helped us learn certain grammatical points. You
can either print the html page as your reference, or download a
text file to customise to your own needs.
note: whenever a verbnoun or pronoun is conjugated, the following
sequence is used - I, you, he, she, we, you, they. There is no 'it'
so use instead 'he' or 'she', whichever corresponds to the gender
of the thing you're discussing (use 'he' if in doubt).
useful phrases - greetings
useful phrases - please,
thanks and I don't understand!
useful phrases - conversational
useful phrases - swearing
useful words and information
hundred most popular words
pronunciation and the alphabet
north vs south
accents and alt keys
Welsh place names
telling the time
days, months and years
verbnouns that don't use 'i'
saying yes and no - ydw, nac ydw
sentence tags - yn dydw,
yn nac ydw
this, that and the other
about, as, at, by, for, from, in, of, on, over, to, under, with
personal endings: i, gan, ar, at, o, am, wrth, dros, drwy, mo,
heb, rhwng, yn, ar blaen, yn ôl, yn erbyn, ymhlith/ymysg,
o gwmpas, ar gyfer, wrth ochor, er gwaetha
phrases using verbnouns
the existential verb -
bod: present - "I am..."
and "I have..."
bod: perfect - "I was..."
and "I had..."
bod: future - "I will..."
and "I will be..."
bod: preterite - "I
- "I ....ed"
preterites - mynd (went), dod (came), gwneud (did), cael (got)
the preterite using
gwneud and ddaru
inflected future - "I
futures - mynd (go), dod (come), gwneud (do), cael (get)
galla and medra - "I can..."
gallwn and medrwn - "I could..."
byddwn and baswn - "I would..."
dylwn - "I ought to..."
and "I should..."
hoffwn and leiciwn - "I
gwybod - present and imperfect