go back home!
Get Fluent CD-ROMs
CMC t-shirts
Welsh music
where to learn
cheat sheets
how to learn
Welsh song lyrics
teachers and courses
CMC news
short stories
papers and magazines
join the CMC email list
keep updated
who is Suw?
contact us
help us
give us money
press room
legal stuff

accents and alt keys

Accents on letters are available on both PC and Mac, except for a few that don’t commonly occur in languages other than Welsh. Notably absent is w with a circumflex, which is often shown as w^, and y with a circumflex, y^.

All accents can be denoted in emails and on the internet by using the letter with a plus, slash, backslash or percent symbol. These are not so commonly used now that embedded characters are more widely supported by browsers, so may not be understood by everyone.

(circumflex) a+
(grave) a\
(acute) a/
(umlaut) a%

PC accents
Here’s a table of all the accents currently available for PCs. To access them, hold down your alt-key, and enter the number given.

+ 131 + 182
\ 133 \ 183
/ 160 / 181
% 132 % 142
136 210
138 212
130 144
137 211
140 215
141 222
161 214
139 216
147 226
149 227
162 224
148 153
150 234
151 -  
163 233
129 154
152 -  
236 237

Mac accents
Accents are available under almost any Mac keyboard configuration, even if they are not printed on the keyboard itself, for example an AZERTY keyboard shows the accent key positions on the keyboard, but some QWERTY keyboards do not. Such accent keys are, in fact, known as ‘dead keys’ because they do not produce any response until a second key (the character to be accented) is pressed, at which time, the correct accented character is displayed.

To get these accented letters, hold the alt-key down and press the accent key to ‘activate’ the accent function, then press the letter requiring the accent as a normal character (in other words, without the alt-key) - if it is required to place the accent on a capital letter, simply use the shift key when pressing the required letter.

key accent can be followed by
Alt-e acute e, u, i, o, a
Alt-u umlaut e, u, i, o, a, y
Alt-i circumflex, e, u, i, o, a
Alt-` (*) grave e, u, i, o, a
* the ` key is to the left of the Z key

You can try these accents out in any application on a Mac, or you can use them with the Key Caps accessory, found under the Apple menu.

Thanks to David Neale for the information on Mac accents.

get the text document



© suw charman 2002, 2003 unless otherwise stated

[Get Fluent] [CMC t-shirts] [buy Welsh music] [where to start] [cheat sheets]
[how to learn] [Welsh lyrics] [teachers and courses] [ratw] [CMC news]
[short stories] [interviews] [features] [weblogs] [books] [papers and magazines]
[audio] [chat] [join the email list] [keep updated] [links] [who is Suw?]
[contact us] [help us] [give us money] [press room] [legal stuff] [thanks] [home]

Legal warning notice: The material on this site is protected by copyright laws. Use of this site is strictly subject to our current terms which may change from time to time. Please also read our privacy policy and security statement.