There are several ways of saying this/these or that/those
in Welsh, depending on the gender and quanitity of the things indicated.
The first way is used for pointing out single things ore general
groups of things, and is equivalent to this one or those
||this one (masculine)
||that one (masculine)
||this one (feminine)
||that one (feminine)
There are then two ways of saying that book or this
cat etc. One uses hwn, hon, etc. as above, the other uses
yma (here) and yna (there), which are usually
shortened to ma and na.
the hwn system
|y llyfr hwn
||y llyfr hwwnw
|y llyfrau hyn
||y llyfrau hynny
|y gath hon
||y gath honno
|y cathod hyn
||y cathod hynny
the yma/yna system
|y peth ma
||y peth na
|y pethau ma
||y pethau na
Note: The 'hwn' system is more formal, and the latter 'yma/yna'
system is easiest because you do not need to know the gender of
the item you are discussing.
The word for other in Welsh is arall, and
the plural form is eraill, thus you have y person
arall (the other person), and y bobl eraill (the
other people); and yr un arall (the other one), and
yr rhai eraill (the other ones).
Arall is also used for another, e.g. diod
arall (another drink). Un arall (another one)
is the prounoun form, e.g. Wyt ti eisiau un arall? (do
you want another one?)
When other is used as a pronoun, then you use llall
(singular) or lleill (plural), thus you have beth
am y llall? (what about the other [one]?), or beth am
y lleill? (what about the others?).
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